Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Last Updated on April 27, 2023 by amy

Taking care of our eyes is important in every stage of life. When we purchase our retro glasses from an online source, we ensure we have a lifetime of vision. However, some people are unfortunate enough to experience AMD, which is far too common. It is one of the leading causes of vision loss for those over 50, damaging the macula. This small spot in the center of the eye allows us to see straight ahead.

The biggest group at risk for this issue is aging; however, avoiding AMD begins at a young age. Smoking is a factor in this disease. Race is also an issue, with more Caucasians suffering than any other group. Genetics also plays a part; if direct ancestors, such as parents and grandparents, suffer, chances increase.

How Is It Detected?
AMD is detected through a few different tests, which is why it’s essential to have a yearly eye exam. Whether you purchase regular glasses through an Internet service, want retro sunglasses, need stronger lenses, or just want a vintage frame for a fashion statement, you should still see an optometrist to ensure your eyes are healthy.

  • Test for Visual Acuity– This is the eye chart test to determine how you see at a distance.
  • Dilated Eye Exam – The doctor uses eye drops to open the pupils, allowing the doctor to see fully into the eye. The doctor then examines the optic nerve and retina, looking for eye problems.
  • Amsler Grid – This is a line-filled grid. If the lines appear wavy or disappear, the doctor will suspect the early stages of AMD.
  • Fluorescein Angiogram – This test involves a fluorescent dye injected into the arm. Pictures are recorded when the dye passes along the eye’s blood vessels. This allows the doctor to find blood vessels that are leaking.
  • Optical Coherence Tomography – This is similar to an ultrasound, except it uses light waves to capture detailed images of the tissues in the eyes. This is a painless test done after the pupils are dilated.

Stages of the Disease
If AMD is diagnosed, it can be treated, but it needs to be done under a doctor’s care. Glasses may be prescribed and are often purchased online, especially by individuals searching for retro sunglasses.

  • Early AMD – People at this stage do not have vision loss but may want to purchase stylish frames with no prescription to get used to wearing glasses if the disease progresses. The presence of drusen is medium-sized, which are yellow deposits in the retina.
  • Intermediate AMD – The drusen are larger in this stage, and/or the pigment in the retina changes. A doctor only finds these changes in an eye exam, which is why yearly exams are important. This stage may cause some vision loss, but many people experience no symptoms.
  • Late AMD – This stage has drusen and vision loss from macula damage. Late AMD is categorized into two types:
    • Geographic Atrophy – The cells sensitive to light break down, as does the tissue beneath the macula.
    • Neovascular AMD – Abnormal light vessels grow under the retina. They may leak, leading to damage to the macula and swelling.

Classic Specs supports eye health and encourages everyone to get a yearly eye exam. After the exam, purchase retro sunglasses, and let us help you keep your eyes healthy.